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FEATURES OF DESIGN OF GARDENS AND PARKS WITH SYMBOLIC MEANING IN SHYMKENT CITY— KAZAKHSTAN.

Abstract
By : Akmaral Yussupova, Liu Songfu, Ardasher Namazbay, Ahad Nejad Ebrahimi

 
This study investigated the emerging progressive use of ornamental art in the landscape architecture of Kazakhstan and determined the influence of symbolism on the quality of new urban environments. The study analysed the existing recreational facilities in Kazakhstan in order to establish their symbolic meaning, the level of utilisation of symbolic ornaments, and the socio-economic factors that influence the design structure of landscape elements. The results revealed that symbolic meanings of the ornaments stem from historic, legal and cultural traditions of different ethnic groups in Kazakhstan. Therefore, the form depends on not only the topography of the area, but also the traditional symbolism and numerology. This study categorised the studied places according to their size: large gardens, small squares and small landscape forms. Taking into account the natural and climatic features of Kazakhstan, small landscape forms acquire the quality of arid zone gardens. However, lack of identity and consistency appears to be a major problem in design of larger scale landscapes. This article posits that coordination between socio-economic and historical- cultural factors will open new creative opportunities for the development of an original landscape architecture in Kazakhstan, yet balance between environmental construction and contextually meaningful urban planning will still be needed.

Keywords: Kazakhstan, Symbolic Design, Numerology, Context Oriented Landscape, Nomadic Art, Feng Shui Philosophy .

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