This is the last issue of Open House International, which was prepared by Nicholas Wilkinson, who was the chief editor of the journal for many years.
We have managed to bring together all the past volumes and issues of Open House International, after Nicholas Wilkinson passed away in September 2017. Since Wilkinson founded the journal in 1976, a single shelf of my book shelves is not sufficient for the whole forty-three year collection. This makes a total of 168 issues gathered in 21 volumes. Maybe this is the only collection which contains all issues of the journal together.
Since Nicholas Wilkinson dedicated himself to this journal, called Open House International, these volumes also represent Wilkinson`s academic heritage. Of course, the journal is Wilkinson's main heritage and it should continue to be active.
Wilkinson was 35 years old when he published the first issue of Open House International in 1976. This attempt was a result of Nicholas Wilkinson`s architectural and academic interest in John Habraken`s theory of architecture about the open building. Wilkinson was designing architectural projects in this direction and doing academic research on this subject. He visited various countries for his research. There were also political dimensions of this attempt, because the whole idea was giving power to people about the buildings that they owned/used. Since Wilkinson and his colleague, Nabeel Hamdi, appeared on British television channels, they were very popular in England. People liked them. Wilkinson explained to me that the main reason of his modesty was being successful when he was very young.
I am holding the first call for articles for Open House International, which was prepared in 1975, in my hands at the moment. In it, it is written that “the mailing list is international and starts of with 350 readers from 40 countries.” The article submissions were asked to be sent to Postbus 429, Eindhoven, Netherlands. This invitation ends with a list of publications available from the SAR and some other sources.
The first issue of 1976 starts with an editorial written by Wilkinson. In this editorial he wrote that: “The response to the introductory pamphlet has been good.” This issue starts with an article about “SAR 73” written by Joop Kapteijns. Then there is a summary of a talk about “10 years of SAR” given by Prof.Dr. N.J.Habraken. Habraken wrote that SAR is “Stichting Architecten Research” which means foundation of architectural research. The main research focus of SAR was housing. SAR was formed in 1964 and ended in 2000, and Open House International began its forty-two year journey with SAR in 1975. Wilkinson clearly stated in his editorial that: “The function of OPEN HOUSE can therefore be stated under three headings. 1.To publish other people's work which is based wholly or partially on SAR`s philosophy and methodology. 2.To publish other people's work which is based on different concepts and methods but which pursue similar objectives. 3.To publish SAR`s own work and views in response to 1 and 2 above.”
The third article in the first issue of Open House International is by Seiji Sawada and is titled: A brief Outline of the Housing Processes in Japan. The forth short article is Marcello Mamoli`s and it is called Towards a broader Participation. The last text in this issue is a call for information, which was written by Hubert Froyen. This issue ends with photographs demonstrating “La Maison Medicale” in Brussels, “Rothausweg” in Switzerland, “Wohnmodel Steilshoop” in Hamburg and “Wohnen Morgen” in Austria.
The second issue of Open House 76(2) contains longer articles. It starts with a short editorial and introduces the three authors of this issue. These authors and their articles are as follows:
- A.G.Tipple- A Radical Approach to Low-cost Housing in Zambia,
- Edgardo Martinez- SAR Method as a Support in a 3rd World Housing Design Approach,
- Stephen H. Kendall- The Idea of Structures of Agreements, Housing and Resettlement in the Philippines.
The logo of Open House was also different in the first issues. Studying the early logo allows us to understand the second logo. The following figure demonstrates the first and the last logos of Open House International. The human figure is clear in both of the logos. The first one contains abstract human bodies and the second one is a smiling human face which is an outcome of O, H and i. This last logo also is a reminder of the façades of some small vernacular buildings which contain effects of anthropomorphism.
The first and the last logos of Open House.
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