The main goal of architectural education is to increase the independency level of students in finding design solutions
throughout their academic years. Despite numerous educational attempts, the lack of supplementary educational methods
or tools is still acknowledged by scholars. The present study aims to help students undergo a smooth transition from
being highly dependent to minimally dependent on instructors by developing an auxiliary tool that may be used together
with critique sessions in design studios. In this study, the critical stages in the design process adopted by students are
identified through interviews with instructors and questionnaires for architecture students at Eastern Mediterranean
University (EMU) in Cyprus and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Basic theories are aligned with the needs and
expectations of the chosen case studies to develop a user-friendly model in flash card format. The data analyses show
that students and tutors all agree on the two main critical stages of design, namely data analysis and data development
(synthesis) which ends with idea simulation. The developed model and the proposed flash cards attempt to connect
these critical stages, which are usually skipped by students. Results show that students need to adopt and be
equipped with sequences, priorities and creativity techniques in each step of the design process, and the proposed flash
cards can help address this concern.
Keywords: Architectural Education, Students’ Design Pattern; Independent Learning, Design Auxiliary Model, Flash Card
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