It is our pleasure to present this regular issue of Open House International. In this issue (Vol.43, No.1, 2018), we selected 25 papers which have gone through several rounds of review and revision, and represent a cross-section of research in building management, construction management, house economics & management, urban planning areas that touch upon both building and housing issues. Open House International is only this outsourced issue supplier as the publisher. This editorial remark also indemnifies the Open House International from any responsibility for the content and presentation of this issue.
Especially, we want to have a brief introduction on some selected focus articles. In article “Small Valley Urban Spatial Form in Hanjiang River Basin” by Yu Xiaohui et al., research methodologies on urban spatial form in China and abroad were summarized. The concept of ecology background was applied, and the research framework for urban spatial form, which integrated the background, framework, core, axis, cluster, and skin, was established. Valley cities in the Hanjiang River Basin in Southern Shaanxi were classified into wide valley, narrow valley, and canyon cities. The spatial form characteristics of these three types of valley cities were discussed. A case study based on a typical city-Yang County-was conducted to discuss the characteristics of the aforementioned six elements of urban spatial form. Finally, spatial form characteristics were summarized. These characteristics provide a basis for the study of the small valley urban spatial form in the Hanjiang River Basin in Southern Shaanxi of China. In “Preservation Planning of the Qingcheng Ancient City Wall” by Lin Gaorui et al., the authors think that, the Qingcheng County, where the ancient city wall is located, has rich regional cultural heritage. This ancient city wall is an important symbol for exhibiting the regional historical culture of Qingcheng. However, urban expansionary construction activities, environment chaos, and other issues have led to the destruction of the main part of the Qingcheng Ancient City Wall. Previous strategies for historical and cultural heritage Preservation planning emphasize rigidity and disregard resilience in protecting cultural heritage and the environment. On the basis of an analysis of the built environment of the Qingcheng Ancient City Wall, their study gains insights into the three aspects, namely, land use, road traffic, and municipal and disaster prevention in frastructure of the old city proper where the ancient city wall is located. A planning strategy that integrates an ordered control of land development, highly efficient and compound road traffic, synergetic municipal administration, and sound disaster-preventing infrastructure is formed according to cognitive results. In “Survey and Optimization Design of Urban Public Space in China” by LU Xiaohui et al., PSPL survey was made in about one year to investigate the type and occurring time of outdoor activities and the visitors’ demand difference of Round-City-Park in Xi’an, China. The survey method for collecting data included spatial classification, photographic recording, field observation, questionnaires and interviews. Then a new method of Virtual Typical Day (VTD) was put forward to analyze usage pattern of public space in the daily life. According to our results, laying out more public spaces close to residential area can make a more vigorous city. And the results also reveal that there exist some problems of uneven usage periods in different spaces, various space requirement from different age groups, insufficient support of space and facilities and so on. Based on the survey, an optimizing strategy of adaptive design is proposed such as setting mobile “stage” and providing flexible “props” according to the changing demands. The proposed design approach can encourage people to participate in outdoor activities, improve usage frequency of public spaces, and stimulate vitality of the city. This may also apply to other Chinese cities.
Lastly we wish to thank all our reviewers and the editorial board members who have been contributing to the release of this issue by their devoted engagement. We herewith also wish the readers of the journal can enjoy reading these papers as much as we enjoyed reviewing and editing this issue.
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