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SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE GREEN CITY: KYRENIA WHITE ZONE

Abstract
By : Cemil Atakara

 
Cities were first formed, they have been developed and advanced together with the development of humanity and technology. The cities in urbanization process have been going through technological, economical, social and cultural changes. These changes have brought along lots of problems affecting the environment humans live in. The environmental pollution caused by increasing population and degeneration of the environmental resources, and the problems caused by local economic and social disorganization have become the basic concerns of this area. The rapid population growth affects also the cities in social, cultural and economic manners. Especially with the increasing number of multi-story structure demolished in acts of urban centers, because of new and larger settlements housing, water, general health conditions, transportation, environmental degeneration, decrease in green fields etc. like these problems have been arose. The physical structure of a city is comprised of its habitants' social, cultural, economic aspects and their interaction with each other.

In this study , in Kyrenia White Zone and Environmental Protection Area encountered in the development process like economic, ecological , environmental problems, and the green field areas that being destroyed day by day are analyzing for the city effects . While evaluating this analysis, LEED ND neighborhood scale, which is created for the advancement in urban sustainability and which is one of the environmental-performance certificate and evaluation systems have been preferred. In this study, the green fields, environmental problems, economic and ecological developments of the region were also taken into account. In order to learn the size of the development and problems, 5 regions -including environment protection region- with different aspects were chosen and a survey was conducted.

Key word: Sustainability, Urban, Sustainable Urban Development, Green Fields, LEED ND

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