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This paper seeks to re-examine Kisho Kurokawa’s article The Capsule declaration and his architectural concept for capsule living units both from a theoretical and historical point of view. Firstly, to better understand the origin of the concept, the works of the main protagonists of the Metabolist movement that was launched in Japan in the early 60’s will be unfolded to reveal the precedent research that has inspired Kurokawa’s thoughts. Secondly, the 8 points as proposed in Kurokawa’s article will be analysed through the different prototypes he realised leading to his Nakagin Tower, the world first capsule building ever realized for actual use. Thirdly, the understanding of the capsule living unit concept will be expanded through exploring the unprecedented typology of the capsule hotel through a comparison with typical architectural models for similar use. Lastly, contemporary applications and developments of the concept will be explored and conclusions will be drawn upon the significance of the capsule living unit concept as an alternative form of living space more suitable to our contemporary society.

Keywords:Japanese Architecture, Metabolism, Kurokawa, Capsule Living Unit, Capsule Hotel

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